14 comentários:
De Populismo de Esquerda: PODEMOS ! a 2 de Junho de 2014 às 10:47
Podemos: o “populismo de esquerda” que emerge
...
...
“A chave das tertúlias — explica Iglesias ao El Confidencial — é que são os espaços mais poderosos de combate político. É mais importante o que se discute nas tertúlias do que o que se debate no Parlamento. A maioria das pessoas forma a sua opinião a partir do que ouve na televisão. (...) E a crise politizou muito a sociedade.”

Sintetiza o El Mundo: “O 25 de Abril de 2013 foi o dia em que começou a mudar a política espanhola sem que ninguém desse conta.” Nessa noite, Iglesias foi convidado como “tertuliano” no programa ‘El Gato al agua’ da televisão (conservadora) Intereconomia. Bastou uma aparição para que todos os canais se batessem por o ter o “tertuliano rojo” nos seus debates. Treze meses depois, converte-se na grande revelação eleitoral e faz uma “entrada triunfal na esfera do poder”.

“Leninismo digital”
“Tanto a ascensão de Marine Le Pen em França como a surpresa espanhola do Podemos são sintomas do mesmo descontentamento”, anota o jornalista e escritor Juan Soto Ivars. “E partilham muito mais do que a ambos agradaria.”

Enric Juliana, do La Vanguardia, faz uma análise irónica do fenómeno: “Um intelectual marxista que saltou dos livros para o plasma, infiltrando-se nas tertúlias mais ruidosas com a astúcia de um bochevique do soviete de Petrogrado”.

“Enquanto a Esquerda Unida permanece nas mãos da velha guarda comunista (...) o círculo de leitores de Slavoj Zizek [filósofo marxista esloveno) idealizava o partido de novo tipo. O Partido da indignação. O partido da raiva social. O Podemos é leninismo digital.”

“Deixaram perplexo o PSOE e deram uma alegria ao PP”. Confessou ao La Vanguardia um alto dirigente popular: “Tivemos sorte por o Podemos ter capitalizado boa parte do voto de protesto; sem o Podemos, o PSOE podia ter-nos ganho as eleições.”


De Esquerda pronta para "sujar" as mãos a 2 de Junho de 2014 às 12:28

The return of the left in Europe?

The rise of the far right in Europe is undeniable, but is the left really dead?
(-31 May 2014, Srecko Horvat )
...
...
In short, what the European elections have shown is not only a definite end of bipartisanship in Europe or the success of extreme right-wing parties, but also the rise of a new left that is willing to take a risk, even if it can mean failure ("compromise", "social democratic turn", "the long march through the institutions", etc.).

What we had until these European elections - and what to a large degree holds also for the "contemporary impotence" of the left - is what Hegel would call the "beautiful soul" (die schöne Seele). Subjects - either activists, intellectuals or the electorate - are withdrawing from engagement, unwilling to dirty their hands.

Isn't the famous passage from Hegel's "Phenomenology of Spirit" the best description of all those who complain about the rise of the far right, but do nothing to fight it or are even opposed to voting at the European elections?

The beautiful soul "lives in dread of besmirching the splendour of its inner being by action and an existence; and, in order to preserve the purity of its heart, it flees from contact with the real world, and persists in its stubborn impotence to renounce itself which is reduced to the extreme of ultimate abstraction?"

Yes, we are all familiar with the oft-cited anarchist sentiment "If voting changed anything, it would be illegal", but it doesn't stop the far-right voters to give their voice to neo-Nazi parties and thus help legalising previously illegal measures (anti-immigrant laws, etc.). So, is it better to abstain from voting and give them the floor?

Here the leader of the Spanish Podemos, Pablo Iglesias, is correct when he told the Guardian that the idea behind the party is simple, "It's citizens doing politics. If the citizens don't get involved in politics, others will. And that opens the door to them robbing you of democracy, your rights and your wallet."

Isn't this the best recipe how to fight not only the far right but also the contemporary "beautiful souls"? Maybe the new left MEPS won't achieve anything except visibility in theEuropean Parliament, but their seats are already changing the political landscape in their national countries.

If SYRIZA really succeeds in their call for earlier national elections and comes to power in Greece, there is no doubt this event would change the current European deadlock. On the other hand, if the far right and eurosceptic parties succeed to turn their electoral progress into political reality, the European continent might, once again, face the worst nightmares of the 20th century.

Since the current European establishment is only deepening the crisis and thereby directly giving rise to all these openly neo-Nazi parties, the only future for Europe is the left. And the only Left capable of changing its own future is a Left without a "beautiful soul", ready to get its hands dirty.


Comentar post