De USA: oligarquia, elite, fundações, manip a 24 de Fevereiro de 2016 às 16:20
Os irmãos Koch

... Outros (vilões), menos conhecidos, são os sinistros irmãos Koch. A sua fortuna tem origem também na colaboração com os regimes nazi e a repressão estalinista,
e é hoje usada para destruir a democracia nos EUA
(correspondendo à origem de uma fatia significativa das contribuições de campanha que transformam o regime norte-americano numa oligarquia),
enquanto promovem na cultura popular mentiras em relação às alterações climáticas e à economia,
tentando até corromper o mundo académico e destruir o empreendimento científico.

A este respeito, não posso deixar de partilhar este vídeo, que foca também alguns aspectos mais pessoais e igualmente escabrosos:
...
Post também publicado no Espaço Àgora.
------ ...há muitos oligarcas que dominam /manipulam a opinião pública, política, academia, media, finança, ... ... outro "vilão" puro e duro entre os financiadores do 'tea party republicano' e afins, aparece Richard Mellon Scaife era um melhor candidato que os irmãos Koch (embora com a desvantagem de estar morto, mas tem sucessores/seguidores).

----------- http://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-echochambers-27074746

-- Study: US is an oligarchy, not a democracy

The US is dominated by a rich and powerful elite.

So concludes a recent study by Princeton University Prof Martin Gilens and Northwestern University Prof Benjamin I Page.

This is not news, you say.

Perhaps, but the two professors have conducted exhaustive research to try to present data-driven support for this conclusion. Here's how they explain it:

Multivariate analysis indicates that economic elites and organised groups representing business interests have substantial independent impacts on US government policy, while average citizens and mass-based interest groups have little or no independent influence.

In English: the wealthy few move policy, while the average American has little power.

The two professors came to this conclusion after reviewing answers to 1,779 survey questions asked between 1981 and 2002 on public policy issues. They broke the responses down by income level, and then determined how often certain income levels and organised interest groups saw their policy preferences enacted.

"A proposed policy change with low support among economically elite Americans (one-out-of-five in favour) is adopted only about 18% of the time," they write, "while a proposed change with high support (four-out-of-five in favour) is adopted about 45% of the time."

On the other hand:

When a majority of citizens disagrees with economic elites and/or with organised interests, they generally lose. Moreover, because of the strong status quo bias built into the US political system, even when fairly large majorities of Americans favour policy change, they generally do not get it.

They conclude:

Americans do enjoy many features central to democratic governance, such as regular elections, freedom of speech and association and a widespread (if still contested) franchise. But we believe that if policymaking is dominated by powerful business organisations and a small number of affluent Americans, then America's claims to being a democratic society are seriously threatened.

...
"American democracy is a sham, no matter how much it's pumped by the oligarchs who run the country (and who control the nation's "news" media)," he writes. "The US, in other words, is basically similar to Russia or most other dubious 'electoral' 'democratic' countries. We weren't formerly, but we clearly are now."

This is the "Duh Report", says Death and Taxes magazine's Robyn Pennacchia. Maybe, she writes, Americans should just accept their fate.

"Perhaps we ought to suck it up, admit we have a classist society and do like England where we have a House of Lords and a House of Commoners," she writes, "instead of pretending as though we all have some kind of equal ...


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